toggle menu
Región en Blanco y Negro

¿Cómo apoyamos desde BID Invest la estructuración de asociaciones público–privadas?

La falta de recursos fiscales para desarrollar la infraestructura en América Latina y el Caribe ha dado un impulso a la formación de asociaciones público-privadas (APP) como una opción para el desarrollo de proyectos de infraestructura estratégicos. En este contexto, BID Invest está preparado para dar apoyo a los países de la región.

Para nadie es un secreto que el desarrollo de América Latina y el Caribe enfrenta retos importantes, y uno de los más significativos es aumentar la inversión en proyectos de infraestructura. De hecho, datos del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) y otras instituciones coinciden en que existe una brecha importante en este aspecto: la región requiere invertir el equivalente al 5% del producto interno bruto (PIB) regional en este sector, como mínimo, para alcanzar niveles de desarrollo de países como Corea del Sur o Japón.

Alcanzar estas metas de inversión no es una labor fácil, ya que los gobiernos no cuentan con los recursos financieros necesarios para cubrir la brecha. Es preciso buscar formas alternativas de inversión que fomenten la participación privada en la construcción, operación y mantenimiento de proyectos en diversos sectores, tales como carreteras, energía renovable, agua y saneamiento, residuos sólidos, hospitales y escuelas. Uno de los mecanismos que facilitan la movilización de recursos privados son las asociaciones público–privadas (APP).

¿Qué son las APP?

Las APP son contratos entre el sector público y privado en los que se incluye la construcción, operación y mantenimiento de obras de infraestructura. En este tipo de contratos cada una de esas instancias absorben riesgos. Por ejemplo, el privado financia la obra, mientras que el gobierno se encarga de retos como la obtención de derechos de vías (en el caso de carreteras) o las fluctuaciones en el tipo de cambio. Para el desarrollo de estos proyectos, el sector privado recibe ingresos —por un período de tiempo definido— ya sea mediante el pago de los usuarios por el uso de estos activos o bien por una contraprestación que el gobierno paga por mantener estos activos operando de forma adecuada.

Las APP no son privatizaciones, ya que los activos que se construyen pertenecen siempre a la entidad nacional o subnacional que encarga su construcción. Ejemplos de APP son las concesiones de carreteras o los contratos para la construcción/remodelación, operación y mantenimiento de un hospital o una escuela.

La innovadora propuesta del Grupo BID para las APP

Dado los riesgos que los sectores público y privado enfrentan al desarrollar APP, es necesario adoptar una serie de acciones que permitan fortalecer el proceso de estructuración de este tipo de proyectos. Estas acciones incluyen desde la creación de un marco regulatorio (Ley de APP), creación y fortalecimiento de marco institucional (por ejemplo, formar una Unidad de APP encargada de armar los procesos de licitación), armar un listado de proyectos estratégicos y desarrollar licitaciones sólidas que permitan hacer bancables los proyectos, es decir, hacerlos más atractivos para el sector privado. Todo ello es vital para asegurar que los procesos de desarrollo de infraestructura sean sólidos y alcancen las metas establecidas por los gobiernos.

Tomando en cuenta los retos que la región enfrenta en la elaboración de APP, el Grupo BID ha creado recientemente un mecanismo innovador que está permitiendo ayudar al sector público y privado a desarrollar APP. Para ello utiliza el conocimiento y experiencia del BID, en su labor con los gobiernos, y BID Invest, con el sector privado de la región. Todo ello lo hacemos aprovechando que el Grupo BID cuenta en cada país de la región con un Representante de País, el cual lidera las acciones de ambas instituciones a nivel local. Con ello se permite una coordinación completa de nuestras labores y se maximiza el potencial de apoyo a la región.

Además de las labores de coordinación a nivel nacional, lideradas por los Representantes de País, el Grupo BID creó una ventanilla única de APP, constituida por representantes del BID y de BID Invest. A través de esta ventanilla única se ofrece a los gobiernos de la región un apoyo integral, que se adapta a las necesidades de cada nación y proyecto.

De esta forma, en el contexto de ventanilla única, el BID se encarga de los procesos relacionados a la creación de marcos legales y regulatorios, así como del diseño de un listado de proyectos que se puedan financiar a través de las APP para los gobiernos. BID Invest, por su parte, se encarga de apoyar en la bancabilidad de los proyectos, es decir, de brindar apoyo en la elaboración de los pliegos de licitación y en los procesos relacionados a esta fase; así como del financiamiento a los desarrolladores privados tras la conclusión de las licitaciones.

Este esquema de operación nos permitió apoyar recientemente al Gobierno de Argentina en la elaboración de su programa de APP en carreteras. El Grupo BID apoyó con recursos económicos y conocimiento técnico, legal y financiero, en la estructuración de los pliegos de licitación para su APP en carreteras. El objetivo es utilizar este esquema como base para su ambicioso programa de infraestructura, que incluye proyectos de transmisión eléctrica, agua y saneamiento, transporte urbano e infraestructura social.

¿Cómo se puede acceder al apoyo del Grupo BID en APP?

El punto principal de contacto es el Representante del Grupo BID en el País, a través de ella o él se canalizan todas las solicitudes. Con ello aseguramos que la coordinación entre BID y BID Invest se dará de manera eficiente desde el inicio del apoyo. Es importante mencionar que el apoyo del Grupo BID se otorga a través de asistencias técnicas —reembolsables y no reembolsables— dependiendo de la fase en la que se brinda el apoyo.

Con este esquema, el Grupo BID ha creado un mecanismo sólido y único en el contexto de la banca de desarrollo multilateral. El trabajo coordinado entre BID y BID Invest está diseñado para ofrecer apoyos rápidos y concretos, de manera que nuestras asesorías en APP se adapten a las necesidades tanto del sector público y privado como del contexto económico y social de cada país de América Latina y el Caribe.

Este blog fue publicado originalmente en Negocios Sostenibles.


Ricardo De Vecchi

Ricardo De Vecchi es Oficial Líder en Administración de Inversiones en la Corporación Interamericana de Inversiones (CII) con sede en Washington, D.C., donde encabeza el departamento de asesoría en Asociaciones Público-Privadas en América Latina y el Caribe. Ricardo tiene más de 15 años de experiencia en el desarrollo de proyectos de infraestructura. Previamente, fue Coordinador de México y Perú para el Programa de Ciudades Emergentes y Sostenibles, del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo; Vicepresidente de América Latina, de la firma CG/LA Infrastructure, y miembro del Servicio Exterior Mexicano. Ricardo cuenta con dos maestrías, en Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad de Georgetown, y en Estudios Diplomáticos por la Academia Diplomática Mexicana, además de una Licenciatura en Comercio Internacional por el Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey.

212 Replies to “¿Cómo apoyamos desde BID Invest la estructuración de asociaciones público–privadas?

  1. Pingback: cialis 5mg
  2. Pingback: Pfizer viagra 50mg
  3. Pingback: how to get cialis
  4. Pingback: otc cialis
  5. Pingback: cialis 20
  6. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  7. Pingback: viagra for sale
  8. Pingback: cheap viagra
  9. Pingback: viagra 50mg
  10. Pingback: ed pills otc
  11. Pingback: canada pharmacy
  12. Pingback: online pharmacy
  13. Pingback: Cialis in usa
  14. Pingback: Cialis in usa
  15. Pingback: levitra pill
  16. Pingback: cheap levitra
  17. Pingback: levitra dosage
  18. Pingback: sildenafil 100mg
  19. Pingback: payday advance
  20. Pingback: payday advance
  21. Pingback: viagra for sale
  22. Pingback: cialis to buy
  23. Pingback: generic for cialis
  24. Pingback: cialis 20
  25. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  26. Pingback: buy cialis
  27. Pingback: casino
  28. Pingback: viagra coupon
  29. Pingback: viagra alternative
  30. Pingback: buy tadalafil
  31. Pingback: online casino usa
  32. Pingback: best online viagra
  33. Pingback: genuine viagra uk
  34. Pingback: viagra 130 mg
  35. Pingback: Order viagra
  36. Royal CBD dice:

    4q0H6f This design is wicked! You definitely know how to keep a reader amused.

  37. Im grateful for the article.Really thank you! Fantastic.

  38. Pingback: Generic viagra
  39. pretty handy stuff, overall I consider this is well worth a bookmark, thanks

  40. Im thankful for the article.Really thank you!

  41. Pingback: Buy viagra
  42. more info dice:

    Thanks, I have been hunting for details about this subject for ages and yours is the best I ave found so far.

  43. PRADA BAGS OUTLET ??????30????????????????5??????????????? | ????????

  44. You made some decent points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found most guys will go along with with your site.

  45. You have observed very interesting points ! ps nice internet site. Tis a sharp medicine, but it will cure all that ails you. last words before his beheadding by Sir Walter Raleigh.

  46. You ave made some good points there. I checked on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  47. This is a very good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate info Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read article!

  48. 먹튀검증 dice:

    You have mentioned very interesting points ! ps decent site. We simply rob ourselves when we make presents to the dead. by Publilius Syrus.

  49. Thank you ever so for you article. Great.

  50. This is the worst post of all, IaаАа’б‚Т€ТšаЂаŒаАа’б‚Т€ТžаБТžve study

  51. You made some good points there. I looked on the internet for the subject and found most guys will consent with your website.

  52. accountant dice:

    This is one awesome blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  53. I truly appreciate this article.Much thanks again. Cool.

  54. Keep up the good work, I read few content on this site and I think that your web blog is very interesting and has bands of great info.

  55. satta matka dice:

    Really enjoyed this blog.Thanks Again. Will read on

  56. Its hard to find good help I am constantnly saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  57. This very blog is really awesome and also amusing. I have found a lot of interesting things out of this amazing blog. I ad love to go back again soon. Cheers!

  58. You made some decent factors there. I regarded on the internet for the difficulty and located most individuals will associate with together with your website.

  59. It agree, it is the remarkable information

  60. Tattoo Shops dice:

    Thank you, I ave been seeking for details about this subject for ages and yours is the best I ave found so far.

  61. The Jets open the season at their new stadium next Monday night against the Baltimore Ravens.

  62. no easy feat. He also hit Nicks for a four-yard TD late in the game.

  63. This website has some very helpful info on it! Cheers for helping me.

  64. Svise dice:

    There is certainly a great deal to find out about this subject. I love all of the points you have made.

  65. This website was how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks a lot!

  66. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is magnificent, as well as the content!

  67. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you ever been blogging for? you make running a blog look easy. The entire look of your web site is great, let alone the content!

  68. There as certainly a great deal to know about this topic. I like all the points you have made.

  69. Svise dice:

    Thank you for creating my private students have access for your webpage post.

  70. wow, awesome article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  71. Wonderful put up, definitely regret not planning towards the USO style dinner. Keep up the excellent get the job done!

  72. Very good blog post.Thanks Again. Awesome.

  73. this website dice:

    I truly appreciate this article post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  74. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is great, let alone the content!. Thanks For Your article about sex.

  75. go there now dice:

    This excellent website definitely has all of the info I wanted about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  76. Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  77. somatropin dice:

    This is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Short but very accurate information Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read article!

  78. Some genuinely great content on this web site , thankyou for contribution.

  79. This blog site is pretty good. How can I make one like this !

  80. Pingback: Gyne-Lotrimin
  81. I\\\ ave had a lot of success with HomeBudget. It\\\ as perfect for a family because my wife and I can each have the app on our iPhones and sync our budget between both.

  82. There are many ways to do this comparable to providing unique

  83. It is best to participate in a contest for top-of-the-line blogs on the web. I will recommend this website!

  84. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning this post and also the rest of the site is extremely good.

  85. Looking around I like to browse around the web, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  86. There as definately a great deal to find out about this topic. I really like all the points you have made.

  87. Just discovered this site thru Yahoo, what a pleasant shock!

  88. in the evening as the sun sets. The study was undertaken by

  89. Some genuinely excellent info , Gladiolus I observed this.

  90. It as nearly impossible to find knowledgeable people in this particular topic, however, you seem like you know what you are talking about! Thanks

  91. marketer dice:

    We appreciate, result in I ran across what exactly I had been seeking. You could have wrapped up my own Some evening extended quest! Our god Bless you man. Use a fantastic time. Ok bye

  92. I value the blog post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

  93. e loans usa dice:

    There is noticeably a lot to identify about this. I believe you made various nice points in features also.

  94. Say, you got a nice article post.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

  95. Real good info can be found on website. Even if happiness forgets you a little bit, never completely forget about it. by Donald Robert Perry Marquis.

  96. Wohh precisely what I was looking for, thankyou for putting up. If it as meant to be it as up to me. by Terri Gulick.

  97. usually posts some incredibly fascinating stuff like this. If you

  98. wow, awesome article post.Thanks Again. Great.

  99. Usually I don at read post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, quite nice article.

  100. muarehon.vn dice:

    This is a good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise info Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!

  101. Thanks so much for the blog.Much thanks again. Great.

  102. Say, you got a nice blog article.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  103. Regards for all your efforts that you have put in this. Very interesting information.

  104. There may be noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made sure good factors in features also.

  105. bandarsport dice:

    Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content!. Thanks For Your article about sex.

  106. Perhaps You Also Make A lot of these Slip ups With the bag !

  107. Muchos Gracias for your blog article.Thanks Again. Cool.

  108. Your style is so unique compared to other folks I ave read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you ave got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this blog.

  109. hat creator dice:

    It is a beautiful shot with very good light.

  110. pretty handy material, overall I consider this is really worth a bookmark, thanks

  111. Its hard to find good help I am forever saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  112. bola88 dice:

    You have noted very interesting details ! ps nice web site. We make ourselves a ladder out of our vices if we trample the vices themselves underfoot. by Saint Augustine.

  113. See my scam i post here for get backlink

  114. Im thankful for the blog post.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  115. m88 dice:

    we could greatly benefit from each other. If you are interested feel free

  116. thanks so much.It make me feel better. I can improve my E and have opportunities in my job

  117. This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I ave joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  118. I think that may be an interesting element, it made me assume a bit. Thanks for sparking my considering cap. On occasion I get so much in a rut that I simply really feel like a record.

  119. What kind of things can not circulate through the network.

  120. Very neat blog.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  121. Thankyou for helping out, superb information.

  122. There as certainly a great deal to know about this issue. I like all of the points you have made.

  123. Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I ave really enjoyed surfing around

  124. wow, awesome blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  125. That is a good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere. Short but very precise information Thank you for sharing this one. A must read article!

  126. You are my intake, I possess few web logs and sometimes run out from brand . Actions lie louder than words. by Carolyn Wells.

  127. Very neat blog.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  128. Muchos Gracias for your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  129. What as up, just wanted to mention, I liked this blog post. It was funny. Keep on posting!

  130. us so I came to take a look. I am definitely enjoying the information.

  131. Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful article. Many thanks for supplying this info.

  132. Very good written article. It will be useful to anybody who usess it, as well as myself. Keep doing what you are doing for sure i will check out more posts.

  133. Your style is really unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I all just book mark this site.

  134. Tattoo Shops dice:

    isabel marant sneakers pas cher isabel marant sneakers pas cher

  135. girlswinmn dice:

    Loving the info on this web site , you have done great job on the posts.

  136. Perfectly indited content , regards for information.

  137. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is fantastic, let alone the content!

  138. Take pleasure in the blog you delivered.. Great thought processes you have got here.. My internet surfing seem complete.. thanks. Genuinely useful standpoint, thanks for posting..

  139. You completed certain good points there. I did searching on the subject matter and found most persons will go together with your blog

  140. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are wonderful! Thanks!

  141. Thank you for your blog post.Much thanks again. Cool.

  142. Thanks for the article.Really thank you! Cool.

  143. The whole look of your web site is fantastic, let well as the content material! Excellent weblog right here! Additionally your site quite a bit up very fast!

  144. Im thankful for the blog.Really thank you! Really Great.

  145. Respect the blog you given.. indeed, investigation is having to pay off. Adoring the posting.. bless you My internet searching seem full.. thank you.

  146. It as onerous to find knowledgeable folks on this matter, however you sound like you already know what you are speaking about! Thanks

  147. You ave an extremely good layout for your blog i want it to use on my internet site also.

  148. VPS dice:

    It as going to be end of mine day, however before end I am reading this wonderful piece of writing to improve my know-how.

  149. more info dice:

    This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I ave joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post. Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks!

  150. you have a terrific weblog here! would you like to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  151. Im grateful for the article post.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on

  152. Thanks for sharing this first-class article. Very inspiring! (as always, btw)

  153. seo adwords dice:

    wohh precisely what I was searching for, thanks for putting up.

  154. Well I definitely liked reading it. This article offered by you is very effective for accurate planning.

  155. tout est dans la formation video !. I was actually moved enough to create a thought I

  156. joker123 dice:

    you may have an important blog here! would you prefer to make some invite posts on my blog?

  157. wordpress dice:

    This is a great tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Simple but very accurate information Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post!

  158. This is a good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere. Simple but very precise info Thanks for sharing this one. A must read article!

  159. eastcasino dice:

    services offered have adequate demand. In my opinion the best craigslist personals

  160. pretty handy material, overall I think this is really worth a bookmark, thanks

  161. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We ave ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Magnificent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  162. Many thanks for sharing this great post. Very inspiring! (as always, btw)

  163. Wow, great post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  164. wow, awesome blog post.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  165. Very good write-up. I definitely appreciate this website. Thanks!

  166. You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers such as you who aren at afraid to say how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

  167. judi bola dice:

    Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We ave ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Excellent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  168. bola88 dice:

    Thanks-a-mundo for the post.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  169. really useful material, in general I imagine this is worthy of a book mark, many thanks

  170. In order to develop search results ranking, SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMISATION is commonly the alternative thought to be. Having said that PAID ADVERTISING is likewise an excellent alternate.

  171. Wow! I cant think I have found your blog. Extremely helpful info.

  172. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Excellent. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  173. Your style is unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I all just book mark this blog.

  174. you ave gotten a fantastic blog here! would you prefer to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  175. Thanks-a-mundo for the article. Want more.

  176. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up fast!

  177. There as definately a great deal to find out about this topic. I really like all the points you have made.

  178. Pingback: buy cialis now
  179. Very good blog article.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

  180. Really appreciate you sharing this article post. Great.

  181. Just Browsing While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a great article about

  182. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I ave shared your website in my social networks!

  183. There as certainly a great deal to know about this issue. I really like all the points you have made.

  184. Really appreciate you sharing this blog post. Will read on

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *